Folder Comparison

The steps of opening a folder comparison window and selecting the folders to compare are similar to the steps involved in initiating a File Comparison.

The slight differences are in the specific menu & toolbar items as well as the shortcut key, in this case it's the File Comparison toolbar button, the File > Folder Comparison > New menu item, and the Cmd + Shift + D shortcut.

Understanding the Comparison Results

The result of the comparison will vary wildly depending on input and settings, but in a very general sense, it would look something like this:

Two-way Text Comparison

This screenshot illustrates the three types of differences: additions, deletions, and changes - when a block of text that exists in both side has been changed.

The following visual design elements work in unison to communicate clearly and effectively the text comparison results.


The difference colors are the same as elsewhere : Deletion color for deletions, Addition color for additions, Change color for changes, and Conflict color for conflicts (three-way comparison only.)

In three-way comparison, as in two-way comparison, changes are defined in relation to the Reference content area.

Birds-eye View

The birds-eye view is a vertical color strip located on the right-hand side of a comparison window, immediately next to the scrollbar. As in the case of text comparison, the birds-eye view tells an interesting story.

Folder comparison birds-eye view

Using small rectangles, known as markers, the birds-eye view renders a scaled-down visual map of all differences between the text files or folders being compared. Each marker communicates the following information about its corresponding difference:

  • type - deletion, addition, change, or conflict (three-way comparison only)
  • size
  • distribution
  • selection, if any
  • the actual change. In text comparison this is the text of the lines involved, stacked one on top of each other, together with their line numbers; in folder comparison it shows the resources involved, together with the differencing information available for those resources.

For instance, the birds-eye view depicted on the image above shows 2 changes, 1 deletion, 1 addition, and 1 conflict.

It also shows the location of these changes as well as the currently selected difference.

Clicking on a birds-view marker scrolls the text editors to the location of the actual difference and selects it. With large files, containing hundreds or thousands of differences, a single marker often represents more than one difference. Clicking on such a marker scrolls the editors to the first of these differences and selects it.

Comparing Selected Files

DeltaWalker folder and file comparison integration is designed to offer both a big-picture view and a deltailed view. This empowers you to analyze folder comparison results and launch file comparisons for the files of interest—typically these are matching, but different files. It's difficult to overstate the importance of this from usability perspective—using the powerful file-system browser metaphor, you get to see both the forest and the trees. There is no need to switch windows nor to scroll tabs back and forth—it's all there, in context.

Selecting files for comparison

There are many ways you can select one of more pairs or triplets of files for comparison:

  • Click on a file to select a single pair/triplet of files.
  • Hold down the Cmd key while selecting files of interest.
  • Use the folder comparison context sensitive menu or local menu to select all pairs/triplets of files of a given type, i.e. all added, deleted, or changed. Use the Invert Selection menu item to deselect the currently selected files and select all others. Note that only files, not folders, are selected using the Select Xyz menu items.
  • Click on a file you want to compare and drag the mouse spanning other files you want to select and compare.

Comparing selected files

Once you've selected the files you want to open file comparisons for, click on the Open Selected for Comparison menu item.

It's not uncommon, particularly when using one of the Select Xyz actions described above, to instruct DeltaWalker to open too many files for comparison. Opening file comparison windows is a system resource consuming operations. To minimize the risk of overloading your system DeltaWalker limits the number of file comparison windows that can be opened via the Open Selected for Comparison action to a predefined, but customizable number—20 by default.

Folder Comparison Summary

A summary of the results of a particular text comparison is available in two places:

  • The folder comparison summary dialog represents the numbers of text blocks that are same, deleted, added, and  differentin the modified file relative to the reference. Additionally, in three-way comparison, the comparison summary shows the number of conflicting differences.
  • The three status bar comparison summary panels, four in three-way comparison, on the right-hand-side of status bar represent the numbers of deleted, added, and changed blocks blocks of text in a modified file relative to its reference. The '-' and '+' icons drawn in the first two panels, aided by the consistent use of colors, and the tooltips, reinforce and communicate the difference types.

    Status bar comparison summary panels

Navigating Differences

You can navigate differences in one of several ways:

  • the Next Next Difference image and Previous Previous Difference image Difference toolbar buttons
  • the Navigate > Next Difference & Navigate > Previous Difference menu items
  • the Ctrl + Mouse Wheel
  • the mini difference navigation buttons at the bottom of the common scrollbar

See Also